It was all hands on deck for Americans during the Second World War, but as impossibly big as the conflict felt for everyone across the country, it was truly all-encompassing for the residents of highly industrialized areas such as Gary and the South Shore.
Local boys were shipped off around the world and women stepped up to keep the "wheels rolling" in factories that churned out weapons, machinery, and other contributions to the war effort. Every ounce of scrap was collected and war bonds were sold.
Communities did everything they could to join soldiers abroad in solidarity, fighting the war from home and praying for the safe return of their sons and fathers.
These and hundreds of other classic photographs can be found in The Times's new pictorial history book, "Volume II: Memories Along the South Shore - The 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s."